The fight against drug trafficking in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan joined the international system to combat drug trafficking by ratifying all major UN conventions in this field: Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971, the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988.
Head of state and government of Kazakhstan has taken over the last few years a number of sequential steps in the direction of the organization to effectively combat drug trafficking.
In order to bring together all government agencies in the implementation of drug policy in Kazakhstan in accordance with the decision of the National Security Council created a special body - the Committee on Narcotics and Drug Control Department of the Interior is responsible solution to a wide range of problems in this area. This is the body, forming a national policy on drugs.
November 29, 2005 presidential decree approved the strategy to combat drug abuse and drug trafficking in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2006-2014.
Functions The governmental commission on the organization of anti-drug and drug trafficking, whose main goal is to improve interagency coordination, improving the regulatory framework to enhance international cooperation in this field.
The strategy aims to provide a unified and balanced implementation of public policies that establish effective political and social control over the drug situation in the country to achieve its stabilization and to reduce the negative impact on the health and welfare of the people of Kazakhstan. The Strategy is implemented in three stages by making government programs to combat drug addiction and drug business for three years.
The main directions of the Strategy are to increase the effectiveness of drug prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts, the fight against drug trafficking, strengthening inter-agency cooperation in these matters with the active involvement of public institutions.
Existing in the Republic of Kazakhstan regulatory framework currently allows you to effectively monitor the legal circulation of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors in the Republic of Kazakhstan and prevent the migration of these substances in an illegal turn.
In 2008, the criminal law amended to provide for increased penalties up to life in prison for smuggling and drug trafficking, involvement in drug trafficking of minors.
Kazakhstan managed to make significant progress in the further development of international cooperation in counter-narcotics field. Today, the Interior Ministry in the framework of multilateral agreements interact with law enforcement agencies of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Azerbaijan and other CIS countries, on the basis of more than 50 intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreements shall cooperate with other foreign partners.
Kazakhstan was twice elected a member of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (2000-2003 and 2008-2011.).
As a party to UN conventions, Kazakhstan actively cooperates with the International Committee of the UN Office for Drug Control. In 2002, the first time in several countries in Central Asia, Kazakhstan, visited by an official mission of the International Committee studying the experience of anti-drug work of the Government and gave it high marks.
May 4, 1996 in Tashkent, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Aga Khan Development signed a memorandum of understanding and cooperation in the control of illicit production, trafficking and abuse of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors.
7-8 February 2006 in Tashkent, the regular meeting of the Member States of the Memorandum of Understanding, Cooperation in the control of illicit production, trafficking and abuse of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors, during which it was decided to set up in Almaty Central Asian Regional Information Coordination Centre for combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors (CARICC). Currently CARICC is the largest project, implemented jointly with UNODC in Central Asia.Reaffirming its commitment to actively promote the UN in countering the drug threat, Kazakhstan has provided all necessary conditions for the establishment on its territory of Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre (CARICC) to combat drug trafficking, which is one of the most important joint projects of participants of the Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation in the control of illicit production, trafficking and abuse of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors.
Agreement on CARICC came into force on 4 September 2009 Kazakhstan has provided an office building in the center of Almaty and, despite the global financial and economic crisis that has generated the possibility of allocating some 3 million dollars.
United States for repair and reconstruction of the building.
Held in Paris on 21-22 May 2003 Conference on Drug Routes from Central Asia to Europe more than 55 countries and international organizations, including Kazakhstan, taking into account the growing drug threat from Afghanistan, agreed to take concerted action to curb the smuggling of Afghan opiates through Western and Central Asia, and Europe. UNODC was invited to serve as a coordination mechanism within the framework of a project entitled "Initiative" Paris Pact ".
To date, the Paris Pact - the largest international initiative to combat drugs in the region with a budget of U.S. $ 980 million intended for the implementation of 600 projects.
14-15 July 2010 in Almaty, in the office of the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre for combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors (CARICC) hosted an international meeting of experts of the Paris Pact Initiative, "Partnership in the fight against illicit trafficking and abuse of Afghan opiates "in Central Asia. The meeting was devoted to the fight against drug trafficking and drug demand reduction.
30-31 March 2010 in Almaty in CARICC held a meeting organized under the second phase of the operation UNODC entitled "Targeted Regional Communication, Expertise and Training in the field of combating illicit trafficking" (Operation TARCET). The second phase of the operation (TARCET II) is primarily aimed at identifying and eliminating the smuggling of precursors into Afghanistan. During the operation, the competent authorities of Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan seized more than 440 tons of precursors under international control.
Membership in the UNP by contributions of Kazakhstan to the UN. In July 2009, at the request of the Secretariat of Kazakhstan has implemented a voluntary contribution of $ 50 thousand dollars in the budget for the support of the UNODC Regional Representative for Central Asia (Tashkent).
In 2010 the Republic of Kazakhstan continued the practice of voluntary separation UNODC - 36,068 euros were sent to support the rehabilitation project of the national drug control system Kyrgyzskoy Republic, namely the development of cooperation within the framework of the CD CARICC.
This project is in the interests of Kazakhstan on strengthening regional security, improve the international image of our country and the development of CARICC, and also serves as our initiatives to overcome the crisis situation in Kyrgyzstan in the framework of the OSCE.
In 2011, Kazakhstan has made a donation of 250 thousand U.S. dollars for co-financing projects, UNODC, implemented in Kazakhstan.