In February 1992, the UN Children's Fund and World Health Organization established the first mission in independent Kazakhstan to assess the situation of children. This mission marked the beginning of the work of UNICEF in Kazakhstan, the first draft of which was the immunization of all children against measles and polio. In 1994, after the organization of the UNICEF Representative in Kazakhstan, the work began on the regular programs of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and UNICEF.
Thanks to the joint efforts of the Government of Kazakhstan and UNICEF has been progress in achieving the first three of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In 2007, the Government of Kazakhstan has committed itself on the agenda "MDG plus", which contains additional targets, based on the analysis of national priorities and statistics.
Basic Cooperation about Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the UN Children's Fund, signed on November 25, 1994, was ratified in April 10, 2001 by the Law № 176-II.
Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed the Optional Protocol to the Convention "About the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography" and "About the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict" at the Millennium Summit in September 2000.
February 18, 2014 in Astana representative of UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) June Kukita and Commissioner for Human Rights Askar Shakirov signed a Memorandum of Understanding in the field of protection and promotion of children's rights in Kazakhstan.
In Kazakhstan UNICEF is focused on the following three main areas:
UNICEF is supporting the collection of information on the situation of children and women, marginalized and most vulnerable groups.
In Kazakhstan UNICEF examines the scope and impact of national development programs, strategies, Kazakhstan legislation and community initiatives on the rights of children and women.
In June 2002 Kazakhstan has been certified by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF as a country free from polio.
There are unresolved questions of early identification of families at risk to help them timely assistance on family preservation, rehabilitation and socialization in the field of protection of children's rights in Kazakhstan.
In the short term, UNICEF will continue to work to improve the lives of children in Kazakhstan, especially children living in remote areas and vulnerable communities, as well as work to improve the legal system of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of child protection.